什么是人格权?

玛丽麦克马洪
玛丽麦克马洪
The law provides protection for people who are victims of crimes like 诽谤 和诽谤.
The law provides protection for people who are victims of crimes like 诽谤 和诽谤.

人格权是人们对自己身体的合法权利. 这些权利在民事和 刑法, and in some cases they are included in documents like constitutions and charters. Infringements upon personal rights can result in penalties like fines, 还有牢狱之苦, 这取决于涉及的侵权类型.

Some rights include the right to personal safety; things like assault and battery are considered crimes because they are 违反s of personal rights. People can extend this to requesting protective orders to keep dangerous people away, legally pursuing people who threaten them without actually causing physical harm, 并起诉那些危及他们人身安全的人.

还包括声誉和社区地位的概念. 人们依靠自己的声誉来找到住房和工作, 除了参加社区生活. If someone's reputation is damaged because someone distributes untruths or make scurrilous accusations, the victim can sue on the grounds that personal rights have been violated. The law provides protection for people who are victims of crimes like 诽谤 和诽谤.

Some nations also consider the right to privacy to be a personal right. Privacy laws surrounding medical and financial records rely on this principle, on the argument that people have a right to reasonably expect privacy when conducting personal business. Disclosure of personal information, even if it does not harm a person's reputation, is a 违反 隐私权的权利. Privacy has also been used as the grounds for protecting the right to access controversial medical procedures.

不同的国家对这些权利有不同的处理方式. People like children and prisoners may not enjoy the same protections as law abiding adults. 对于像孩子这样的个体来说, 还有那些被认为是法律无能的人, 权利的缩减被认为是安全的必要条件, so that guardians can make decisions on their behalf secure in the knowledge that they have all the information they need to make those decisions. 就囚犯而言, personal rights like the freedom to travel and the right to free association are suspended in the interests of being able to legally sentence them to time in jail or prison.

Understanding the scope and limitations of all legal rights in an individual nation can be important for people navigating the legal system. 重要的是要了解如何和何时适用这些权利, so people can take steps to protect and enforce their rights when they are being violated.

玛丽麦克马洪
玛丽麦克马洪

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a MyLawQuestions researcher and writer. 玛丽有戈达德学院的文科学位 spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

玛丽麦克马洪
玛丽麦克马洪

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a MyLawQuestions researcher and writer. 玛丽有戈达德学院的文科学位 spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

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讨论的评论

SauteePan

@Crispety - I think that we know too much about these people and while they use the press for publicity when it suits them that same press reveals unsavory things about them as well. 它就像一把双刃剑.

You really have to take the good with the bad because if you put yourself out there and then you are fair game as far as the press is concerned and no personal bill of rights will change that.

Crispety

@Icecream17 -I know what you mean and sometimes these programs can be used against the reality star. 例如, on one of these reality franchise shows one of the participants was getting a very high profile divorce and the wife’s actions on the show did a lot to damage her reputation which will ultimately help her husband that is seeking the divorce.

He encouraged her to go on the show way before he served her with divorce papers. It makes me wonder if this was his intent all along so that he would have better standing during the divorce proceedings.

icecream17

@Sneakers41-我非常同意你的观点. I often wonder about the children that are portrayed in these shows. 他们能得到什么样的儿童保护? They are minors and cannot consent to the invasion of privacy that their parents agreed to.

I think that reality shows really harm the people that are on these shows because most are publicly ridiculed and like regular celebrities all of their actions and personal business become news for all to see. I think that my privacy is too valuable to give up for a few moments of fame.

sneakers41

I have to say that what I find interesting is the amount of personal information that is revealed in some of these reality shows. While I understand that we all have our right to privacy but many of the participants waive these personal rights when they go on these reality shows.

例如, a notable reality show franchise will display the lives of several women featured and their interaction with each other that leaves the viewer feeling less sympathetic to them. These people cannot claim any sort of 诽谤 because they are putting themselves out there in the most unflattering light.

Many of the women featured on these shows appear to live an opulent lifestyle until you find out that there home was auctioned off or they had to sell their home as a short sale because they could not afford the payments any longer. One of these women even had over eleven million dollars in debt which was a real tragedy.

I think that when you put yourself in the public eye like this your personal rights to privacy and even your reputation can come into question.

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    • The law provides protection for people who are victims of crimes like 诽谤 和诽谤.
      : Kzenon
      The law provides protection for people who are victims of crimes like 诽谤 和诽谤.