一个父母 宣誓书 is a legal document that a parent of a minor child can use to make a 誓词 about some aspect of parental rights. The most common parental 宣誓书s relate to paternity and relinquishment of parental rights. Parental 宣誓书s can be used for a number of different things, 然而, from safety and consent releases for children’s activities to 誓词 of address and residency for educational opportunities.
Affidavits are widely used in law, often in place of court testimony as a way for a person to swear under the penalty of 作伪证 that certain facts or written statements are accurate. All 宣誓书s are legal documents that carry with them the binding weight of the law. The only thing that makes a parental 宣誓书 distinct is that it is related specifically to facts or assertions about parental rights and obligations.
Paternity 宣誓书s, 例如, are legal documents through which a father can acknowledge a child as his own. 大多数时候, a man who is married to a woman who gives birth is automatically presumed to be that child’s father. No 宣誓书 is required in this scenario. When parents are not married, the father must usually acknowledge his paternity. A paternity 宣誓书 is often the preferred vehicle.
A father who chooses to acknowledge a child can voluntarily sign a paternity 宣誓书 at the time of the child’s birth. He may also be compelled to sign if he is found by a court of law to be the child’s biological parent. The parental 宣誓书 entitles the mother to receive certain child support and other benefits from the named father. It also entitles the child to certain dependent benefits, including inheritance rights and insurance coverage in some circumstances.
Parental 宣誓书s are also routinely used in parental rights relinquishment scenarios, usually involving adoptions. Though much depends on the terms of the adoption, birth parents are often required to relinquish any and all rights that they may have in raising or visiting their children. Signing a parental 宣誓书 acknowledging that the child was born, but swearing to transfer parental rights to another, is a legally binding way to permanently sever the parent-child relationship.
Not all parental 宣誓书s are so final, 然而. There are many times over the course of a child’s life when the parent, 作为一个有能力的成年人, may need to make disclaimers or statements for the benefit of the child. 有时, extracurricular activities like sports teams or sleep-away camps require parents to sign a parental 宣誓书 swearing to hold the sponsoring organization harmless in case of injury. Affidavits swearing that a child lives permanently or semi-permanently within the con罚款 of a certain school district might also be required for school enrollment or for the child to receive some community-sponsored benefit.
Different jurisdictions have different rules with respect to how a parental 宣誓书 must be executed, what its form must be, and the specific information that it must contain. 大多数时候, lawyers familiar with the local rules are contracted to draft parental 宣誓书s. Incorrectly worded or improperly executed 宣誓书s may not be enforceable in court. Courts take the 誓词s in 宣誓书s very seriously. 像这样, a parental 宣誓书 that is falsified or that contains untrue statements can submit signatories to 作伪证 charges, 罚款, and sometimes even jail time.