当一个人被指控企图杀人时 抢劫, he is accused of having the intention to unlawfully take property he does not own. For some reason, an actual 抢劫 did not occur, but notable progress was made. Trying, therefore, is still considered a criminal offense and conviction is usually a 重罪. There are some circumstances that may aggravate such a charge, resulting in a harsher judgment.
There are generally several elements involved in an attempted 抢劫. 一开始, a person accused of this crime must have tried to take property that belongs to someone else without the owner's permission. That property may have been on a victim's person, such as in her hand or her pocketbook. Attempted 抢劫 can also involve items not on but still owned by a victim, 比如那些在办公室或车辆里的.
Attempted 抢劫 also tends to involve the stipulation that the accused had no intention of returning the item. If, 例如, a person had a tendency to secretly take office supplies belonging to a co-worker and to return them afterward, then although there was a lack of permission granted by the owner, 这一般不构成抢劫. An unsuccessful attempt at such behavior, therefore, would not constitute attempted 抢劫.
因抢劫未遂而被定罪, the prosecution usually must show that a person came very close to completing the crime. This is often done by highlighting the circumstances of the attempt. 一般, the reason that 抢劫 was not fully executed is beyond the control of the person charged with the crime.
For example, a person may have entered a house with the intention to commit 抢劫. An alarm may have signaled police and the accused may have fled before he took anything because he saw the patrol car. In many instances, the circumstances contribute to how harshly the crime will be judged.
One common misconception about this crime is that it requires the use of weapons. 在大多数地区, the criminal code makes no such reference when outlining the elements of the crime. 其后果往往更为严重, 然而, if innocent people are subjected to potentially dangerous situations or if they are harmed when the crime is executed.
在大多数地方，企图抢劫被判为重罪. 通常, the consequences for this crime are less severe than those that would be issued for an actual 抢劫. There are still significant chances that if a person is found guilty he will be incarcerated.