What is Felony Assault?

Theresa Smith
Theresa Smith
Any violation of personal space is considered assault.
Any violation of personal space is considered assault.

Felony 攻击是一种犯罪,涉及故意伤害一个人对一个或多个其他人. 犯罪的具体情况可以而且确实会因管辖权的不同而有所不同, but in general it’s a crime with three core components: an intent to cause injury; a violent or deadly weapon; and an actual physical injury that results. Threats don’t usually count, in other words, 而失败的尝试通常不会被指控为重罪, either. 法律通常以非常笼统的方式编写,很难适用于复杂的情况, nuanced situations. In most cases, 律师和其他法律倡导者通常有将具体事实巧妙融入这些更广泛框架的空间, and as such, 一个人是否会被指控或最终被判犯有这类重罪往往取决于事实.

Understanding Assault Generally

重罪侵犯是一种严重的犯罪行为,嫌疑人可能会被逮捕,以防止进一步的伤害.
重罪侵犯是一种严重的犯罪行为,嫌疑人可能会被逮捕,以防止进一步的伤害.

“侵犯”一词是一个法律词汇,用来描述对一个人的空间的不受欢迎的侵犯. In many places, even a realistic threat of an attack or violation will qualify. 攻击行为通常按严重程度由高到低分为三类. 简单的攻击通常是让一个人担心他或她的直接安全的任何事情. 当这种威胁升级为实际暴力时,就会发生人身攻击, though the contact doesn’t have to be serious; even something like a slap on the face usually counts. Finally, aggravated assault 当行凶者在暴力威胁之后用实际, serious harm inflicted on another. Nearly all felony cases are aggravated assaults.

When a Crime Becomes a Felony

Felony assault does not always involve a weapon.
Felony assault does not always involve a weapon.

Many different sorts of crimes can be labeled felonies. 这个标签基本上表明了指控有多严重. 在大多数制度下,重罪指控是最严重的,会受到最严厉的惩罚. 只有当法院认定事实证明有证据时,侵犯才被认定为重罪.

大多数法院要求犯罪达到特定的预先规定的阈值,然后才可以被指控或作为重罪审判, 即使那样也不能保证一个人真的会被定罪. Getting a felony conviction typically requires that the prosecutors prove, beyond a reasonable doubt, 本案属于该司法管辖区所规定的侵犯他人人身罪. This can be a steep burden. 如果检察官不能令人信服地提出这个案子, the alleged perpetrator doesn’t always walk free, though; in many cases, he or she can still be convicted on lesser charges.

Basic Requirements

任何被控盗窃汽车并威胁或伤害车主或乘客的人几乎都将面临重罪指控.
任何被控盗窃汽车并威胁或伤害车主或乘客的人几乎都将面临重罪指控.

There are a couple of basic requirements that all felony assault charges usually have to have in order to be successful. The first is typically intent. 被指控犯罪的人通常必须有明显的作案欲望. Gross recklessness will sometimes count for this. In these instances, 如果一个人带着一把上了膛的枪穿过拥挤的公共场所,但她并没有真正的意图伤害任何人,如果这把枪没有得到妥善的保护而意外走火,那么她仍然可能会被控以严重的人身攻击罪, injuring bystanders. 这里的逻辑是,她应该知道她的行为可能会造成伤害, 当她没有更好地保护好自己的武器时,她的行为是非常鲁莽的. 鲁莽有时也会影响对造成重大交通事故的司机的起诉.

被袭击的受害者可能会出于自卫的目的选择参加枪支课程.
被袭击的受害者可能会出于自卫的目的选择参加枪支课程.

In most cases there is usually also a weapon requirement. In order to be elevated to a felony, 攻击通常必须使用致命或可能致命的武器. Knives, guns, and lethal chemicals are some of the most common, but cars and other vehicles can count, too. 即使是赤手空拳的人也有资格,如果这个人是武术专家的话.

Assault is a 3rd degree felony.
Assault is a 3rd degree felony.

最后,犯罪必须确实造成了某种身体伤害. 与简单的袭击不同,在这些案件中,威胁是不够的. Mental trauma or distress won’t usually qualify, either. 这种伤害通常不需要是严重的或有生命危险的——被子弹擦伤通常也算——但它必须被记录下来.

Jurisdictional Differences

在具体定义重罪级别的攻击时,不同的地方可能有很大的不同. 大多数国家和许多个别地方都制定了自己的有具体措辞的刑法典,规定了这些和类似罪行的有关方面. 任何想要了解某一特定地方的重罪侵犯的更精确概念的人,通常都会被建议去查阅当地适用的法律法规,以获取最新的信息.

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Discussion Comments

SemperFiE5

Scenario: Driver A, with passenger, runs a red light and causes a collision with Driver B, also with a passenger. 司机A试图与乘客交换位置并逃离现场.

司机B车的乘客追车,与司机A对峙. When Driver A makes an aggressive gesture, 其他车辆的乘客出示枪支(合法拥有并允许携带).

司机B车上的乘客被捕/被控持枪重罪/攻击他人重罪, two counts (for both Driver A and passenger).

Passenger of vehicle B claims “self-defense.“然后会有一项针对蓄意伤害罪的认罪协议.

Are these charges correct? 他们不应该“挥舞”(轻罪)或“攻击”(轻罪)吗??

州法律规定,如果被判有罪,强制性的刑期为两年(因为制造了武器),其他罪名的刑期则会增加. Is this correct? Complainants were not struck with the weapon. 他们声称“害怕受到伤害”,但却犯下了逃跑和企图袭击B车乘客的重罪. Anyone?

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    • Any violation of personal space is considered assault.
      By: aijohn784
      Any violation of personal space is considered assault.
    • 重罪侵犯是一种严重的犯罪行为,嫌疑人可能会被逮捕,以防止进一步的伤害.
      By: Robert Hoetink
      重罪侵犯是一种严重的犯罪行为,嫌疑人可能会被逮捕,以防止进一步的伤害.
    • Felony assault does not always involve a weapon.
      By: Laurent Hamels
      Felony assault does not always involve a weapon.
    • 任何被控盗窃汽车并威胁或伤害车主或乘客的人几乎都将面临重罪指控.
      By: oneinchpunch
      任何被控盗窃汽车并威胁或伤害车主或乘客的人几乎都将面临重罪指控.
    • 被袭击的受害者可能会出于自卫的目的选择参加枪支课程.
      By: jurra8
      被袭击的受害者可能会出于自卫的目的选择参加枪支课程.
    • Assault is a 3rd degree felony.
      By: oneinchpunch
      Assault is a 3rd degree felony.