外国 管辖范围内 is authority over people in a foreign country or region. 这是一种 territorial 管辖范围内, a type of authority determined by location rather than the type of people involved or the type of activities being regulated. When legal decisions are made or crimes are committed in an area with foreign 管辖范围内, they are not subject to rulings or decisions made by domestic courts. The matter of 管辖范围内 can become very important in some cases.
In a simple example, if a British citizen commits a crime in China, that citizen is said to have committed a crime in a foreign 管辖范围内. Despite being a British citizen and subject to the laws in Britain, because the person was in China at the time, the courts and legal system in China have authority. If a legal decision is made in a Chinese court, the British court and British authorities cannot overrule or circumvent it. However, an attempt may be made to resolve the issue by diplomatic means.
For legal convenience, a number of treaties and agreements agree to recognize certain legal activities universally, even when performed in foreign 管辖范围内s. People married in Germany can have their marriage recognized in the United States, for example. 一般, 旅行时, people are subject to the territorial 管辖范围内 of the nations they are visiting. While embassies can provide assistance to citizens in legal trouble in a foreign 管辖范围内, they cannot keep people out of a foreign court system altogether.
There may be cases where people bring civil suits to court in a foreign 管辖范围内 because they are concerned about their safety in domestic courts or they fear that a fair trial cannot be held. This is most commonly seen in cases of 人权 滥用. 在这些情况下, national laws are used to determine whether the court can sit on the case and render a judgment. If it cannot, the plaintiff may be referred to an international court for help.
People may take advantage of 管辖范围内al disputes to attempt to evade punishment by fleeing to a foreign 管辖范围内. Many nations have extradition treaties, 但并不是所有的, and nations will only extradite in certain circumstances. Countries with the 死刑 will not extradite people charged with crimes that can result in a death sentence, for example. Because national sovereignty must be respected and the foreign court does not have 管辖范围内, it cannot compel the accused to appear in court if the sheltering nation is unwilling to extradite.